Cognition is a high-level thinking skill that involves paying attention, remembering and learning through our experiences, thoughts, and senses.
Cognitive therapy may be appropriate for children with ADHD, traumatic brain injury, concussion, and other neurological disorders. Adults may require cognitive therapy for similar conditions or stroke, heart attack, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and other neurological disorders.
Tasks of short-term and long-term memory, various types of attention, such as divided and sustained, organizational skills, and abstract reasoning may be used to evaluate cognitive abilities. These skills, often referred to as executive functions, include abilities of self-regulation, problem solving, task flexibility, planning, and execution.
Cognitive therapy works to achieve functional thinking skills for a person's daily needs. For example, to improve attention, the individual may be asked to listen to the news and retell information. Memory strategies might include the use of written schedules or creating a personal photo book of relevant people and places.
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"Cognitive-Linguistic Deficits." Northeast Rehabilitation Hospital Network. Accessed April 17th, 2015. http://www.northeastrehab.com/outpatient/forms/Cognitive_Linguistic_Deficits_Postcard.pdf
"Outpatient: Services." Speech Therapy. Accessed April 17, 2015. http://www.northeastrehab.com/outpatient/speech-therapy.htm.